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Elevated Neutral-to-Earth Voltage, Contact Voltage, and Other Perceptibility Concerns for Humans and Animals


Videos & Animations

Below are links to several videos and animations related to stray voltage:

  • How Electrical Faults Cause Shock Hazards at Swimming Pools (Animation)
    The water in a swimming pool may connect to an electrical system in several ways. This animation explains how pools may become shock hazards and how various bonding methods affect the potential for hazardous voltage.
  • Pool Testing Compendium (Video)
    This collection of video clips provides the procedures and results of testing at the EPRI Lenox, MA, Laboratory in-ground swimming pool. The efficacy of several NEC code variations are demonstrated.